We all thought that the occurrence of high blood pressure only happens to people with people age, little do we know that it is possible for anyone to experience this condition; people who are middle-aged and even little kids are prone to high blood pressure or hypertension.
What is High Blood Pressure
Issues with blood pressure always lead to more serious health conditions, especially those that are related to the heart. So, what is the significance of blood pressure in the body?
Blood pressure pertains to the amount of pressure that the flowing blood exerts throughout the artery walls. This pressure can either flow normally, exert higher amounts of pressure, or do not exert any pressure at all. This is where the terms of high blood pressure and low blood pressure happen. Also, there can be many causes as to why high blood and low blood pressure occurs.
The cases of high blood pressure have become one of the top problems in the world today. Even in the United States alone, the statistics of the adults who encounter high blood pressure and hypertension is about two persons in a group of three people. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, this statistic result is equal to about 75 million of the total population. That shows how the country is struggling from the issues with high blood pressure, what more if the other countries are added?
As previously mentioned, high blood pressure can lead to even more dangerous health conditions; and if this condition is not solved as soon as possible, it can even cause complications that may eventually cause the worst – death. The common results of high blood pressure are issues with eye vision that can lead to complete loss, specific kidney diseases, stroke, and heart failure.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
There are many factors that contribute to the increase of blood pressure, especially since this condition is directly related to the blood and the heart that pumps the blood all throughout the body.
As the heart pumps the blood, it creates a series of pressure that affects the arteries in the body. But what causes this sudden blood pressure irregularities?
Actually, there are two ways the specialists categorize the causes of high blood pressure. First of all, there is something that they call essential high blood pressure. The essential high blood pressure is said to occur without specific causes. The other category is secondary high blood pressure; this case of high blood pressure is said to occur due to another health issue.
There are also a lot of risks that affect the possibility of a person getting high blood pressure levels.
The age of a person is one of the main contributors as a risk factor of high blood pressure. Those that are easily affected by high blood pressure are people who are ages 50 and above. However, there are a few cases of people with younger ages who get hypertensive.
Most cases of high blood pressure are from genetic inheritance. When a person’s mother, father, or a few other ancestors have been associated with hypertension; the person is most likely to inherit this irregularity in blood pressure levels.
Some specific races are more prone to getting high levels of blood pressure; one of them are people who are of African-American descent.
Obesity and overweight issues
Aside from the first three, being obese and overweight is a risk factor that can be avoided. Issues with the weight most of the time directly affects a person’s cholesterol levels, which is also another risk of high blood pressure.
Sex and gender
According to studies, a bigger percentage of male adults are more at risk in getting hypertension compared to female adults.
Vices such as smoking increase the person’s risk of getting hypertension. The content of tobacco has a negative effect on the blood vessels, wherein it causes their narrowing and makes it hard for the blood to flow through; therefore causing high blood pressure. The habit of smoking also affects the oxygen in the blood, and this is where the blood reacts by additional pumping actions that lead to higher pressure in the blood.
5 Basic Types of High Blood Pressure Medication
High blood pressure is often hard to control, but by changing a person’s lifestyle and by having a healthier diet combined with some of the most advisable hypertension medications, it is possible to relieve high levels of blood pressure.
1. Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers or ARBs
The main role of this hypertension medication is that it reduces the blood pressure by providing ease to the blood vessel walls. The ARB work against the excessive production of angiotensin in the body; which causes the narrowing of blood vessels and contributes to additional levels of sodium and water inside the body. In short, ARBs obstruct the angiotensin II production in the body.
Some of the most used ARBs are candesartan, irbesartan, and losartan among others.
2. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
These medications, also known as ACEs, have the same purpose as ARBs. The ACEs act as a blocker of the body’s angiotensin production. They also cause the relaxation of the blood vessels to prevent hypertension.
The generic names of some ACEs are benazepril, captopril, fosinopril, perindopril, and many others.
3. Beta Blockers
Beta blockers slow down the heart rate. This then results to decrease in the pressure of the blood in the heart and the surrounding arteries. The beta blockers also work in preventing the body’s production of epinephrine hormones which are released by the body when it is experiencing intense levels of stress. These medications are said to work better when paired with diuretics.
The best-known beta blockers are carvedilol, acebutolol, propranolol, and many more.
4. Calcium Channel Blockers
Another medication that helps in relaxing the walls of the blood vessels are the calcium channel blockers. Also, they serve as blockers in the calcium absorption of the cells. Some of these medications are capable of slowing down heart rates too.
The most common calcium channel blockers are amlodipine, diltiazem, verapamil, and felodipine among others.
Diuretics serve as water pills as they guide the kidneys in the secretion of excess sodium and water. The reduction of sodium and water in the blood decreases pressure in the arteries.
Some examples of diuretics are eplerenone, amiloride, hydrochlorothiazide, bumetanide, and many other.